- Different Types of Koi,
Colorations and Markings -
Asagi & Shusui - Asagi: ("Sky Color"). Blue gray bodied Koi,
sometimes with red that comes up to the midway up on the head and body. Shusui: Basically a Doitsu scale
Asagi. Large scales may be just along the midline of the back on the sides, or both.
Bekko - A single colored Koi with black "Utsuri"
Doitsu - Scales only down the dorsal and lateral
Hikarimoyo - The Hikarimoyo category encompasses
all other metallic patterned Koi that do not fit into the Hikarimuji or Hikari Utsuri category. Kohaku
that have an overall metallic sheen are called Sakura Ogon. Metallic Sanke are called Yamato Nishiki.
Hikarimuji - All single colored metallic Koi.
Aka Matsuba Ogon
Hikari Utsuri - Metallic Koi with black markings.
Kin Hi Utsuri
Kin Ki Utsuri
Kawarimono or Kawarigoi - is the term
applied to a Koi that can not be classified into any of the standard Koi types. Since this is a 'catch-all'
category, a lot of established Koi varieties fall under it.
Aka Matsuba Ogon
Kin Gin Rin - This group has sparkling scales,
with golden iridescence over hi (red) and silver over white and sumi (black) areas. The Ginrin A group
consists of Gin Rin Kohaku, Gin Rin Sanke and Gin Rin Showa.
Gin Rin Kohaku
Gin Rin Sanke
Gin Rin Showa
Kohaku - The Father of all Japanese Koi. A white
bodied Koi with well defined red markings.
A lightening-like bolt of red
A red marking on the lips
A Crown on the head
Special hood marking
A 2-step color pattern
A 3-step color pattern
One continuous red pattern
A red sun on the head
A 4-step color pattern
Koromo - Red and white markings overlaid with a darker pattern.
The coloration of this group is similar to the Kohaku, red (hi) markings on a white background. The
hi should be a deep red to compliment the lace pattern overlay.
Three colored or Sanke Koi
A purple-like coloration
Black scales tinged with red
Showa Sanshoku - This variety is three-colored.
They are mostly black with red and white markings. The large sumi marking should be dark black and the
hi a deep red. The name Showa Sanshoku refers to a three-colored (san-shoku) Koi developed during the
Showa period in Japan.
Red continuous marking
Nicely distributed markings
Red head circle, Showa body
Taisho Sanke - White bodied Koi with red and black
patterns. All markings should a deep color with distinct edges. The white should be like snow. The pattern
of the red and black markings should be balanced when viewed by each color and as a whole.
Red circle on head
Even repeated patterns
Utsurimono - Black bodied Koi with a single other
Black body & red markings
Black body & yellow markings
Black body & white markings
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